As the name suggests, a foundation is the base for any face makeup. It helps create the appearance of even-toned, blemish-free and flawless skin.
But with so many options – liquid, powder, BB creams, concealers, etc.; it can get confusing which one to choose and how to apply it. Not to mention there are foundations for dry skin, blemished skin, mature skin and the list goes on and on. Pick the wrong foundation and everything to do with your makeup goes wrong. So, here’s everything you need to know about picking the right foundation for your skin type.
The 9 types of foundation
Liquid foundations usually come in silicone and water-based. There are also pigment drops that are light like serums.
Liquid foundations are usually medium-to-full coverage and give a dewy or matte finish. They are easy to blend and some hydrate the skin because of the liquid base. On the negative side, it can clog your pores and cause breakouts so it might not be the best option for people with skin that break out easily.
Powder foundations typically come in a compact case, and are easy to apply. It has a drier formulation, making it perfect for use on oily skin. Because they are very lightweight, it doesn’t last very long and will have to be reapplied throughout the day. But on the plus side, it doesn’t clog pores.
Cream foundations give high coverage, so they’re perfect for covering up acne, scars, uneven skin tone, and dark circles. They’re also a good foundation for dry or mature skin as they can help skin to look smooth and soft. They give you a silkier coverage than liquid but can crease. To avoid this, the key is to apply less than you would with liquid and blend well.
Mousse foundations contain air which makes them lightweight and feels smooth on the skin. It also gives full coverage and a matte finish, meaning, like cream foundation, it works best on dry, mature, or sensitive skin. Mousse foundations can offer good coverage for acne-prone skin and scars as well.
Mineral foundations contain minerals. This means it’s a lot kinder to sensitive skin and won’t clog your pores as there’s more room left for your skin to breathe. It is a good option for acne-prone skin.
Probably the most convenient of foundations and easy to use. All you’ve got to do is dot and blend. Stick foundations are very popular because they’re mess-free, easy to travel with, and can be used as a concealer. Foundation sticks offer full coverage and you can find the right one for your skin type.
Tinted moisturisers give sheer coverage so are not ideal for covering up heavy discoloration or blemishes. However, it’s amazing for creating a bright, dewy complexion and evening out skin tone. Because it’s lightweight, it’s a great option for hot weather.
BB cream stands for “blemish balm” or “beauty balm,” and works on all skin types. It’s more of a skin correcting product than it is a foundation, although it does give a little bit of coverage. It has a creamy formulation and can help even skin tone while moisturising skin.
Similar to BB cream, CC cream (which stands for “colour correcting”) provides a light layer of coverage with a natural tint. CC creams are often hydrating and usually contain anti-aging ingredients. It can help even skin tone to create a bright and natural look.
How to find the right foundation for your skin type
Buying a flawless foundation is the holy grail but how do you find the one that’s right for you? There are many foundations on the market but there are many different foundation formulas for a reason – from liquid to powder, each has a benefit that could be just right for your skin type so let’s delve in and help you choose the right one.
Foundation for oily skin
Oily skin needs specific and gentle care to allow it to find balance, so before you apply any make-up prepare your skin with a primer and add a touch of mattifying moisturiser to help remove excess sebum (oil secreted by your skin’s sebaceous glands). Leave to dry for five minutes, then you’re ready to apply your foundation – but which one?
If you experience oily skin, go for a long-lasting matte formula with medium to full coverage. Matte foundations are a good option for oily skin, as they won’t feel too heavy.
Foundation for dry skin
Dry skin can be tricky when it comes to applying foundation. The key is to prep your skin the right way -by hydrating it with a lightweight day cream and primer.
For a flawless look, people with dry skin should go for hydrating liquid foundations. Try applying with your fingers and gently press into the skin for longer-lasting coverage.
Foundation for combination skin
One day your skin is oily, and the next it’s showing signs of dryness – say hello to combination skin! Finding the right foundation for both concerns means you’ll be able to mix and match.
Rather than go with full coverage, look for a buildable foundation so you can focus on any areas that may need a little TLC, such as an oily t-zone or dry forehead. Opt for a slightly matte liquid foundation, as this will help reduce any oiliness and won’t be too harsh on any dry areas.
Foundation for sensitive skin
Sensitive skin can flare up at any time. It reacts to heavy skincare, fragranced foundations, or anything wth ingredients that are too harsh for your skin.
If you have sensitive skin, mineral foundations are a great choice for you because they contain minerals, which are not only kinder to your skin, but also won’t clog your pores and help your skin to breathe.