Problem Skin 101: Acne – problem skin 101 acne

Acne affects all of us at different stages in life. It causes spots, and oily skin, among other things and usually develops on the face – this affects almost everyone with acne, back – this affects more than half of people with acne; and chest – this affects about 15% of people with acne.

Acne is very common in teenagers and younger adults. About 95% of people aged 11 to 30 are affected by acne to some extent. It’s most common in girls from the ages of 14 to 17, and in boys from the ages of 16 to 19.

Most people have acne on and off for several years before their symptoms start to improve as they get older, but it often disappears when a person is in their mid-20s. although in 3% of adults, it may go on into their 30s.

Types of spots caused by acne

There are six main types of spot caused by acne:

  • Blackheads – small black or yellowish bumps that develop on the skin; they’re not filled with dirt but are black because the inner lining of the hair follicle produces colour.
  • Whiteheads – have a similar appearance to blackheads, but may be firmer and will not empty when squeezed.
  • Papules – small red bumps that may feel tender or sore.
  • Pustules – similar to papules, but have a white tip in the centre, caused by a build-up of pus.
  • Nodules – large hard lumps that build up beneath the surface of the skin and can be painful.
  • Cysts – the most severe type of spot caused by acne! They’re large pus-filled lumps that look similar to boils and carry the greatest risk of causing permanent scarring.

What causes acne? – problem skin 101 acne

Clogged Pores:

Your pores can become clogged with oil, dry, dead skin cells, and bacteria, which can all cause you to have acne. It’s important to keep your pores clear to prevent whiteheads, blackheads, and other types of acne spots.
To promote quicker cell turnover and help keep pores nice and clear, use a medicated cleanser with Salicylic Acid, a powerful acne-fighting ingredient.

Oily Skin:

The skin’s oil glands naturally create sebum, which protects and hydrates your skin. But sometimes when your body produces too much sebum, it mixes with dead skin cells and gets trapped in your pores. This promotes the growth of bacteria Propionibacterium acnes and can cause breakouts. Also, your hormones and your environment can play a role in how much oil your skin produces. The bottom line is too much oil can lead to breakouts.

Dead Skin Cells:

Sometimes when you suffer from acne or acne-prone skin, dead skin cells build up on the surface leading to dryness, dullness, and flakes. This makes your skin look and feel dull, rough, or uneven because the dead skin cells aren’t being cleared away. They eventually get trapped in your pores causing breakouts and spots. Exfoliating your skin regularly will get rid of this problem.


When you have oil and dead skin cells build up in the hair follicles, your pores get clogged allowing bacteria to infect your skin and cause Propionibacterium acnes which inflames the skin. To treat this kind of acne, you’ll need Benzoyl Peroxide which is proven to absorb deep down into pores and kill acne-causing bacteria.


Sometimes it’s nothing you did, acne is just part of growing up. It’s most commonly linked to the changes in hormone levels during puberty, although it can start at any age.
Certain hormones cause the grease-producing glands next to hair follicles in the skin to produce larger amounts of oil causing a usually harmless skin bacterium called P. acnes to become more aggressive causing inflammation and pus.
The hormones also thicken the inner lining of the hair follicle, blocking the skin’s pores which causes spots.

Now that you know the types of spots caused by acne and what causes them, it’s time to treat and get rid of spots once and for all.

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